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Conder Token

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Found some information about this token which explains it's quality & the (for a conder token) nice portrait


"But Boulton remained engaged on a number of token projects. The first of these was an undated piece for George Cotton, of Romford, Essex. Cotton is reported to have been a corn factor but, in the case of the token, is thought to have been acting together with a number of other tradesmen in the Liberty of Havering-atte-Bower to repel an invasion of paltry trash emanating from the London forgers. Cotton had written to Boulton in June 1795 stating that 'having many soldiers, and barrucks building here' he wanted the tokens 'to see how they would take as a substitute for halfpence.' 10,563 tokens were despatched on 2nd October 1795, very nearly the smallest mintage of any of Boulton’s regularly issued tokens. They bear no date and no issuer’s name"


1795 hornchurch 1/2d scarce only 10563 pieces struck


Some info about The Liberty of Havering-atte-Bower


'The charter of 1465 was granted by Edward IV and confirmed by subsequent Kings down to Charles II and Mary and Elizabeth added further clauses. The Charter is a very long document, but a very brief summary is as follows:


The Lordship or Manor of Havering is an ancient demesne of the Crown of England. All actions arising within the Manor are pleadable in its Court before the Steward and Suitors of the Manor. Tenants and inhabitants shall not be compelled or forced or bound to answer before any other justices, judges, or commissioners, but only in the Court of the Manor (It was interesting that even the Sheriff of Essex was specifically barred from the Court). The Steward of the Manor and one of the most discrete and honest tenants or inhabitants are to be Justices of the Peace, to try all felons, trespassers and other unlawful acts.


However they are not allowed to try for treason without the King's special mandate. The Manor is granted the right to hold an annual Fair in the village of Havering, for up to three days, beginning with the eve of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist.

The Manor is also exempted from royal and other purveyors who may come into the Lordship and take goods for the King.


The Charter also confirmed exceptional privileges that had already been granted previous to 1465 that included waiving of all national tolls to tenants of the Manor of Havering'

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