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Three Victoria Heads ūüá¨ūüáß


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Three Victoria Heads

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Princess Alexandrina Victoria was born in 1819, crowned as Queen Victoria in 1837 when her uncle, William IV, died and reigned through a period of unprecedented change until her death in 1901. Victoria ruled for 64 years, a record only recently surpassed by Queen Elizabeth II. Over her long reign she posed for many portraits for coins but on the gold sovereigns there are three major variations: Young Head (1838-1887), Jubilee Head (1887-1893) and Old (Veiled) Head (1893-1901).

DESCRIPTION

Victoria (1837-1901),¬†gold sovereign, 1871, London,¬†Tower¬†Hill Mint, third young filleted head left, W.W. raised on truncation for engraver William Wyon, date below, hint of doubling in legend both sides,¬†Latin legend and toothed border surrounding, VICTORIA DEI GRATIA (‚ÄúVictoria, by the Grace¬†of God‚ÄĚ),¬†rev.¬†struck with inverted die axis, engraved by Jean Baptiste Merlen,¬†crowned quartered shield¬†of arms, laurel wreath surrounding, die number 14 below, emblems below, Latin legend and toothed border surrounding, BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID:DEF: (‚ÄúQueen of the Britons, Defender of the Faith‚ÄĚ),¬†raised hairline flaw in¬†last A of legend to rim,¬†edge milled, weight 7.97g (Bentley 558;¬†Marsh 55; M.C.E.¬†531; S.3853B).¬†Tiny¬†obverse rim nick, otherwise pleasing good extremely fine.¬†Ex¬†Douro¬†Cargo, Spink Auction 118, 20-21 November 1996, lot 1377 (part). Calendar year¬†mintage 8,767,250.

Victoria (1837-1901), gold sovereign, 1887, London, Tower Hill Mint, Jubilee crowned veiled head left, pearl earring and 13-pearl necklace, tiny J.E.B. raised on truncation with right angled J for engraver Joseph Edgar Boehm, first abbreviated Latin legend and toothed border surrounding, VICTORIA D:G:BRITT:REG:F:D: (‚ÄúVictoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Britons, Defender of the Faith‚ÄĚ),¬†rev.¬†struck¬†en m√©daille, St. George on horseback slaying¬†dragon with sword right, plumed helmet with three-strand streamer, horse with short tail, ending in three strands, with one spur higher up at curve, broken lance on ground-line to left, tiny WWP raised under lance for¬†Master of the Mint, William Wellesley Pole,¬†date in exergue, tiny B.P. raised in upper right of exergue for engraver Benedetto Pistrucci, edge milled,¬†weight 7.99g¬†(DISH.L7 C; Marsh 125B; M.C.E.¬†547; S.3866).¬†Light bag marks both sides,¬†otherwise almost¬†extremely fine.¬†Calendar year mintage 1,111,280.

Victoria (1837-1901), gold sovereign, 1899 S, Sydney Mint, Australia, crowned old veiled head left, tiny T.B. raised on truncation for engraver Thomas Brock, Latin legend and toothed border surrounding,¬†VICTORIA¬∑DEI¬∑GRA¬∑BRITT¬∑REGINA¬∑FID¬∑DEF¬∑IND¬∑IMP¬∑ (‚ÄúVictoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Britons, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India‚ÄĚ),¬†rev.¬†struck¬†en m√©daille, St. George on horseback slaying dragon with sword right, plumed helmet with three-strand streamer, horse with long tail, ending in three strands, with one spur higher up at curve, broken lance on ground-line to left, tiny WWP raised under lance for¬†Master of the Mint,¬†William Wellesley Pole,¬†mint mark S at centre of ground-line,¬†date in exergue, tiny B.P. raised in upper right of exergue for engraver Benedetto Pistrucci, edge milled, weight 7.99g (Marsh 168; M.C.E. 558;¬†S.3877).¬†Lightly toned, some surface marks, otherwise¬†extremely fine.¬†Calendar year mintage 3,259,000.

F2B977C6-902C-413D-9718-2269A0B554C8.jpeg
Queen Victoria by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1842 (left), Heinrich von Angeli, 1890 (centre) and 1899 (right).

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