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Sincona 19 (The SINCONA Collection - Part 3)


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Thanks for the link, Igor!


Not too many coins of Nicholas II, but great quality there is. A good thing that I don't collect the proofs, or I'd be in big trouble here! :)

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  • 4 weeks later...

Does anyone know if coins can be easily shipped from Switzerland to Belarus or Kazakhstan? Do Belarus and Kazakhstan have similar to Russia regulations?

Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia are members of the Customs Union (Tamozhenny Soyuz; TS) and have uniform customs regulations both for export and import.

So importing coins which are of "cultural value" (according to the law these are any coins which are older than 50 years) by any kind of postage (including express mail) or cargo is against the law.

"Cultural values" can only be imported into countries of TS being carried by person, filled into customs declaration, without any customs fees or taxes.

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Here is an article written by Anonymous related to a coin in Sincona 19.


“Ukaznaya” or Pattern Siberian 1764 2 kopeks piece.


Description: Russia, Catherine II 1762-1796, two kopeks ( pattern), copper 1764, St


Petersburg Mint.


In catalog by Bitkin this coin is not published.


Obv: In a wreath of laurel and palm branches tied with a ribbon on the bottom, below the


Imperial Crown is a cipher of Empress Catherine II, formed by the interlocked letters “E”


and Roman “II” in floral design with a toothed circular border.


Rx: Two sables are standing facing each other on their hind legs on a striped square plate


and are holding an oval shield decorated with 8-rays (with 5 visible triangular spikes) city


crown in their front paws. The shield is decorated on the top, left and the bottom with the


top decorated with a branch of possibly Siberian Pine, bottom decorated with uniformly


curled curves, possibly tops of the folding waives. On the shield there is a legend “ДВЕ


/ КОПЕ / ИКИ / 1764” (two / kope/ ks / 1764). Above the crown is a 4 petal rosette,


dividing the “СИБИРСКАЯ МОНЕТА” (Siberian Coin) circular legend, all in toothed


circular border.


Edge: “КОЛЫВАНСКАЯ МЕДЬ” (Kolyvan Copper) legend divided into two parts


with two decorative elements and a colon between them repeating twice. Each decorative


element is represented as diamond-shaped stylized flower of four figural petals


alternating with four stamens and a round central part.


As we know, one of the specific elements of the Russian monetary system of the


Imperial period is the practice of specific issues intended for circulation in very specific


geographically limited regions. In modern numismatics they are called Regional or


National Issues. In the 18th century, they were coins struck for Baltic Provinces –


“Levonesy” and also Siberian and Crimean coins. In 19th century, they were coins


intended for Georgia, Poland and Finland.


The largest area of distribution had Siberian coins, whose area of circulation was from


east of Ural Mountains, from the city of Tary (on Irtysh River) all the way to Kamchatka.


Issue of that copper series of six denominations from 10 kopeks to polushka, organized


in Southern Siberia on Altay, was due to the remote location of Mints in the European


part of Russia as well as the need to use copper left over at Kolyvan-Voskresensk


Manufactures after silver refinery from the Kolyvan ore. That copper still contained


some amounts of noble metals, silver and gold, which was not economically wise at that


time to refine further and therefore it was decided to use that copper for special coinage


intended to circulate in Siberia with 25 roubles out of pood of copper (instead of 16


roubles out of pood as it was for the standard coinage).


In the fall of 1766 at the specially built Mint located on the banks of the river Nizhny


Susun, right tributary to Ob River, the coinage of Siberian coin was started. As a sourse


of raw material for the production of those coins, the abovementioned special copper


with insignificant amounts of silver and gold from Kolyvan-Voskresensk Manufactures


was used, which in the beginning was indicated with the «КОЛЫВАНСКАЯ МЕДЬ»


edge description placed on three higher denominations and from 1767 as KM initials


on obverse of all coins under the cipher of Catherine II. Their coinage lasted until 1781


when, due to improvement in refining of noble metals from copper, it was decided to


change the coinage of the Susun Mint to Regular National coinage without taking into


account gold and silver content in Altay copper. The total of 3.6 million roubles of


Siberian coins was struck at the Susun Mint during that decade and a half.


Despite the fact that the first coins struck at the Susun mint were dated 1766, several


samples of the same “Siberian” design, with earlier dates 1763-1765 are known in


numismatics. Among them are novodel coins as well as genuine, original strikes,


without a doubt. The main visual criteria for determination of coin with those dates as


“original” would be the manner of the edge design, the idea of which can be seen in


the catalog by V.V. Uzdenikov “Coins of Russia” (on the page 398 of the 3rd


in the 2004 depiction of the edge design of original and novodel coins of 10-, 5- and 2-


kopeks denominations are presented). It is not difficult to see that novodel Siberian coins


of three higher denominations, despite attempts to make it as close to the original as


possible with the edge legend just as on first Susun 10-, 5- and 2-kopeks pointing to the


specific “manufacturing brand” of metal is “Kolyvan Copper”, the elements of the legend


dividing the words are not the same by design and structure as the original ones.


The correctly designed edge is exactly what allows us to consider coins dated earlier than


that established date original strikes and call them original Siberian design. They are


coins of all 6 denominations dated 1764 as well as a 5-kopek coin dated 1763 (according


to V.V. Uzdenikov). Their design is absolutely identical to those first coins struck at


the Susun mint and therefore should be considered as a pattern or more correctly as


sample coins, and the place of their “birth” is Petersburg Mint that is reflected in Ukaz


of Chancellery of Catherine II dated November 23, 1763 directed to Chancellery of


Kolyvan-Voskresensky Mining Chief, in which, for example, “Her Imperial Majesty


Highest testing at the local Mint of struck and cancelled sample coins” is mentioned. In


the abovementioned catalog by V.V. Uzdenikov, a more compressed version of the same


is placed: “Genuine coins of 1763-1764 were struck at Petersburg Mint as samples for


Susun Mint” (page 398).


We can assume that the production of Siberian coins at Petersburg Mint was


implemented in two steps with a small time interval between them. It is possible that


for the convenience of comparison with the highest and most common denomination of


standard national copper coins – 5 kopek and in order to have opportunity with the result


of comparison to make fast and appropriate conclusions regarding future coinage and


implement corrections if necessary, the Siberian 5 kopek pieces were struck first with the


date 1763, and some time later the full set of all denominations with the date 1764. After


that some of the struck coins were drilled and attached to the appropriate documents


and sent to the “Chancellery of Kolyvan-Voskresensky Mining Chief” and possibly to


some other departments and offices. Unused samples, which originally were intended to


be attached to the documents are customarily referred to as “ukazniye” as in “ukaz” (a


letter of direction, a document), were left at the Petersburg Mint. One of such “ukaznaya”


sample Siberian coins of 2 kopeks denomination dated 1764 known at the present time


in a singular sample and previously unknown in catalogs, is offered at the auction of the


numismatic firm “Sincona”.


Sufficiently convincing evidence that above mentioned 2 kopek is an unused sample


coin could be found on the coin itself. On the reverse side, between the spikes of the


city crown on top of the shield, and to the left of central spike, there is a slight trail of


an impact made by the sharp object, which is most likely an evidence of a mark for the


place where the hole for attaching the coin to the document with a cord would be drilled.


Another piece of evidence that the coin could be a sample is the quality of its execution:


it is much better than the coins of regular issue, however is not as good as that of the


pattern coins (for instance, the decreasing quality of the design is very visible on this


sample as well as the doubling of the lower, sharper parts of the letters in the legend


“Siberian Coin”, so-called phenomenon of “dovetail”.


Despite the existence of business strikes of Siberian 2 kopeks pieces between 1766-1767


with edge inscription, there were no coins with earlier “pre-Siberian” dates known until


now that could be considered a sample specimen, a coin with not only Siberian types of


obverse and reverse, but with Susun edge of the 1766 that was used only for 3 highest


denominations. Numismatics only had information regarding 10 and 5 kopeks of 1763-


1764 with the same edge inscription minted at Petersburg Mint, but nevertheless that


was exactly the reason for the belief that there must be a coin of 2 kopek denomination


in existence. And the sample offered by “Sincona” is offering exactly that previously


missing link in the group of 10-, 5- and 2 kopeks Siberian coins of Petersburg origin


united by common elements of design and intended as samples for Susun Mint . The link


between the first coins struck at Susun Mint with exact specifications presented on those


“ukaznyey” samples.

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This coin is an unknown previously novodel in my opinion. If you read in Russian, here is my little article on that subject: http://coins.su/forum/index.php?showtopic=140032 with following discussion...

It is a missing link, but in novodels coins. VKGM listed these edges for novodel coins of higher denominations:




This edge was missing for the novodel 2 kopecks 1764:



but now the one that was missing in VKGM description is found...

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One more article by Anonymous related to another coin in Sincona 19:



10 zlotys1


, year 1827, IB


Description. Russia for Poland. Nicholas I, 1825-1855. 10 zlotys. Silver. Year 1827, IB. Mint:


Warsaw. Medallist – G. Meinert (no signature on the coin). Mint Master2


Catalogue reference. Bitkin, 983 (R4).


Obv. The portrait of Emperor Alexander I facing to right; The head is crowned with a laurel


wreath, bound at the back of the head with a ribbon falling to the neck. The legend on the


circumference: ALEXANDER I. CES · ROS · WSKRZESICIEL KRÓL · POLS · 1815.


Above the portrait, a star with 6 rays separating the beginning and ending of the legend.


Rev. Two-headed Russian eagle crowned with three imperial crowns and holding a sceptre, a


sword and an orb in its talons. The eagle’s breast is decorated with a mantle, which is tied


up at two upper angles. In the middle of the mantle, an oval shield with the one-headed


Polish eagle. Above the shield and the mantle, a royal crown. Above the heads of the


Russian eagle, the date separated with the crown in the middle: 18-–-27. On each side


of the eagle's tail, the mint master's initials: I ·-–- B ·. Beneath the eagle, a semicircular


legend: 10 ZŁOTYCH POLSKICH. The legend on the circumference: MIKOŁAY I. CES




According to the decision of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, on the territory taken by


Russia after the partition of the Commonwealth of Poland and, later, of the (Great) Duchy of


Warsaw, the Tsardom (Kingdom) of Poland was established as an autonomy within the Russian


Empire with its own Constitution, according to which the supreme authority was granted to the


Russian Emperor, who was also a "part-time" Polish monarch. In accordance with the received


status, the Kingdom of Poland was granted the right to issue own coins, and so the Warsaw Mint


began its work in 1816. Around the portrait of Alexander I on gold and silver coins of full value,


a legend was struck which confirmed his "double-jobbing" as the Emperor and Autocrat of All


Russia and the King of Poland – «ALEXANDER I. CESARZ SA · W · ROS · KRÓL POLSKI».


In 1820, the group of silver portrait coins with denominations of 5, 2 and 1 zloty was


extended by the 10-zloty coin, minted in relatively small issues. Its appearance was not due to


urgent need of money circulation in a coin with a new denomination. First of all, the 10-zloty


coin was designed as an implementation of the coins' propagandistic function or, as stated in a


decree on the preparation for its coinage, issued by the Viceroy of the Kingdom of Poland, «for


leaving a lasting memory of the care of the government for the welfare of the people». The


welfare and economic prosperity of Poland under the patronage of the Russian two-headed eagle


was to be undeniably testified by the "dignified appearance" of the 10-zloty coin with an explicit


legend on the reverse: «Z SREBRA KRAIOWEGO» – "(made) of silver of local origin".


At the beginning of the reign of Nicholas I, commemorative elements in the design of


gold and silver portrait coins were developed further. The sovereign, "wishing to erect a new


monument to the monarch, to whom Poland must credit its being, national institutions and


many other good things, had the thought of striking an image of his dignified predecessor (up to


his breast) on all Polish coins". On portrait coins of years 1826 through 1834 Alexander I was


depicted as a laureate, and the legends on the circumferences of both the obverse and the reverse


sides included the names and titles of both rulers: «Alexander I, the Russian Emperor, the one


who re-created the Kingdom of Poland. Nicholas I, the Emperor of All Russia, the ruling King of


2 Originally - "Münzmeister" or "monetarius"


The least numerous denomination present in this group of portrait coins was the 10-


zloty coin, being issued only in 1827 and numbering only 123 specimens (according to Bitkin's


catalogue). An assumption can be made that, with the blanks for the 10-zloty coin used up, it was


Two varieties of the 1827 10-zloty coin can be distinguished by the mintmasters' initials on


the reverse. The initials I.B. are those of Jakub Beník, who became a mintmaster of the Warsaw


mint in times of existence of the Duchy of Warsaw, in 1811 and retained this position until mid-

May, 1827. Mint Master Fryderyk Hunger, who replaced J. Beník, signed the coins minted in


Warsaw in the years of 1827 through 1832 with the initials F.H.


According to the Grand Duke Georgiy Mikhajlovich, the 10-zloty coins of the year 1827,


signed with the initials I.B., were patterns. He was aware of existence of three specimens of


this coin, two of which – his own and the one from the collection of Count I.I. Tolstoy – were


of "lawful" weight, while the specimen from the numismatic collection of Count E. Hutten-


A description and an image of the 1827 10-zloty coin with the mintmaster's initials – I.B.


–were first published by Count E. Hutten-Czapski. His composition "Cataloque de la collection


des medailles et monnaies polonaises du comte Emeric Hutten-Czapski", in which the coin is


shown under No. 6040, is cited by the Grand Duke Georgiy Mikhajlovich in the chapter of the


"Corpus of Russian Coins" devoted to Russian coins made for Poland. In 1893, he also published


a description of this 10-zloty coin as well as obverse and reverse images of the coin from his


own collection (No. 84. Vol.III/23). As for the specimen of this coin which belonged to Count


I.I. Tolstoy, the catalogue of his collection published by the company of A. Hess, to whom the


famous numismatist gave his collection in order to auction it, included only the reverse image of


At present, a coin with denomination of 10 zlotys, struck in 1827 and signed "I.B.", i.e.


with the initials of Jakub Beník, the Warsaw Mint Master, is presented at the auction of "Sincona


AG". Previously, a similar coin appeared at auctions only once: this was a 10-zloty coin from the


collection of Count I.I. Tolstoy in 1913.

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Part 1


10 zlotys1


Pl. III, 23.


very rare


Obv. The image of the head of Emperor Alexander I facing to right, as in the


description No. 79, but increased in size. The legend on the circumference:




Rev. Two-headed eagle can be distinguished from the eagle on previous 10-zloty


coins by a crown above, a scepter, an orb and a tail, as all of these




Part 2






are significantly reduced in size. On each side of the crown: 18-–-27. On


each side of the eagle's tail: I ·-–- B ·. Beneath the eagle, a semicircular


legend: 10 ZŁOTYCH POLSKICH. The legend on the circumference:




Despite the fact that some numismatists, referring to the death of Jakub


Beník, which occurred in May of the year 1827, claim that this coin was struck at


a later period, an assumption can still be made that, during the time from January


to mid-May of the year 1827, the Warsaw Mint Master had enough time to make


a few pattern coins signed with his initials. The depicted specimen as well as the


one from the collection of Count I.I. Tolstoy are of "lawful" (full) weight, while


the specimen belonging to Count (E. Hutten-)Czapski is a light-weight one.


See C-te Czapsky, cat. No 6,040.

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One more article related to one more coin from the upcoming auction:




Pattern Portrait Rouble by L. Steinmann


Description. Russia. Alexander III, 1881­1894. Rouble (pattern) 1886. Silver.


Mint: St. Petersburg. Medallists L. Kh. Steinmann (obverse), A. G. Grilikhes


Catalogue reference. Bitkin 222 (R4).


Obv. The portrait of Alexander III facing to right. The legend on the






petals separating the beginning and ending of the legend.


Rev. The state coat of arms a crowned two­headed eagle holding a sceptre


and an orb in its talons; the eagles breast and wings are decorated with


heraldic shields. Beneath the coat of arms, the value and the year of coinage:




. Beneath the portrait, a rosette with 5


. The legend is separated in the middle by a rosette with 5


The emperors portrait reappeared in 1886 on gold and silver coins of


the Russian Empire after 90 years of absence. Upon the accession of Emperor


Paul I the portrait disappeared due to the unattractive features of the new


sovereigns profile. For almost a century the St, Petersburg mint struck only


pattern and commemorative coins with portraits of members of the ruling


family. The successors of Paul I were not eager to return to portraits on coins


of the regular national currency. The main elements of coinage now were the


national emblem and official legends. This meant that propagandistic functions


were mainly transferred to objects of medallic art which thrived at the turn of


was taken by banknotes.


Another design change of mass­produced Russian coins is associated


with the spread of the so­called pseudo­Russian or neo­Russian style in official


art. Since the 1860s, its influence significantly affected the design of paper


currency. Another important manifestation of this trend in the Russian Empire


was the return of the portrait of the Emperor on the coins of the regular


coinage. This can be considered a revival of the tradition of mass monetary


coinage with the use of portraits, which was established by Peter the Great. In


accordance with the same neo­Russian coin concept, the new coins were


designed and realized in the Russian antiquity style.


In October 1885, Alexander III was presented with two one­rouble coins


for approval. The obverse die for one of the coins was made by L. Kh.


Steinmann, the other by A. A. Grilikhes. A. G. Grilikhes was the engraver of


the reverse die, which was the same for the two coins. While noting the good


performance, the Emperor, however, expressed his desire "for the coin relief to


be more prominent". In mid­December, a plaster mould, according to which


dies of coins for the regular coinage were supposed to be produced, was


presented to Alexander III for approval. The mould received the "Supreme


Approval", and in the end of January 1886 the Emperor was presented with a


new model of the silver rouble, which was approved, and specimens of pattern


th centuries. Later, the main propagandistic function of money


roubles of the year 1886, "made with the portrait of the Emperor, but having


not received the Supreme Approval" because of the lack of prominence


(according to Alexander III), were transferred from the St. Petersburg mint to


the numismatic collections of the Grand Duke Georgiy Mikhajlovich and the


The description of the pattern portrait rouble by L. Steinmann and


images of the three specimens of this coin (of both the obverse and the reverse)


were first published in 1891 in the "Corpus of Russian Coins" by the Grand


Duke Georgiy Mikhajlovich. Later, the three obverse images were included in


the catalogue of I. I. Tolstoy's collection, which was published by the company


of A. Hess, whom I. I. Tolstoy charged with auctioning a part of his collection


after losing interest in the coins of the imperial period and fully concentrating


on collecting and studying the coins of the pre­imperial period.


Previously, the portrait rouble by L. Steinmann appeared at A. Hess'


auctions twice: during the sale of I. I. Tolstoy's collection in 1913 (Lot No.


2710) and in 1968 (Lot No. 514). The last coin will be presented at the auction


of "Sincona AG" in 2014.


Brief Information on the Medallists creators of the dies for pattern portrait


roubles of the year 1886


Grilikhes, Avenir Grigorjevich (1822 or 1825­1905) artist, medallist,


gem engraver, was born into the family of an engraver. Before moving to St.


Petersburg and working at the St. Petersburg Mint in 1871 as a coin die


engraver, he worked in Vilna as a seal (die) engraver. In 1872 he was honoured


with the title of a 3


in 1879 a senior medallist and court counsellor. He was well­known as a


fine portraitist, engraver of gems and a master of heraldic pictures. He was also


the creator of dies for many coins and medals. The two­headed eagle by A. G.


Grilikhes was used on the reverse of all portrait coins of mass release for the


years 1886 through 1915, as well as on the commemorative rouble of the year


1913. He signed the coin dies (except those of the gold 5­rouble coins of years


1895 through 1911) with the letters «АГ» beneath the back leg of St. George's


horse. He signed his other works as follows: «АВЕНИРЪ ГРИЛИХЕСЪ




Grilikhes, Abraham Avenirovich (1849­1912) artist, medallist, gem


engraver was the son of A. G. Grilikhes. After graduating from the Vilna


painting school he underwent a complete course of study in medallists class of


the Imperial Academy of Arts (1868­1876) and was promoted to a 3


painter. He was the student of P. L. Brusnitsyn. In 1877 he was sent to the


Ministry of Finance and transferred to the St. Petersburg Mint to supervise the


manufacturing of dies for copper coins. In 1879 he was honoured with the title


nd grade painter, in 1882 becoming 1


became a junior medallist, and in 1899 a senior medallist and court


counsellor. He was awarded with the 3


Medal of the World Art and Industrial Exhibition in Paris in 1889. Creator of


dies for many coins and medals, including the obverse dies of gold and silver


portrait coins of years 1886 through 1894, he also engraved both sides of


commemorative roubles of the years 1898 and 1912, those with a monument to


rd grade painter. In 1873 he became a junior medallist and 3rd grade


st grade painter. In 1880 he also


rd Class order of St. Anna and the Gold


Alexander III. He signed the commemorative coin dies and the dies of several


5­rouble coins of years 1887 through 1892 with letters «А.Г.», signing his


other works as follows: «А. А. Г.»; «ГРИЛИХЕСЪ СЫНЪ»; «ГРИЛ. СЫНЪ




Steinmann, Leopold Khristianovich (18481897) artist, medallist.


German by birth, he graduated from the Academy of Arts in Berlin. During the


years of 1874 through 1876, he studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St.


Petersburg. In 1874 he became a junior medallist, and in 1883 a senior


medallist of the St. Petersburg Mint. A personal honorary citizen of St.


Petersburg and creator of the "coronation" rouble dies of the year 1883, of the


obverse dies for several varieties of the 1886 pattern portrait rouble, and also


of many medals, he signed his works as follows: «Л. Ш.»; «Л.












1 The translation of the inscription: "By the Grace of God, Alexander III, Emperor and


Autocrat of All Russia"


2 The translation of the inscription: "Ruble, the year of 1886"


3 The translations of the inscriptions, respectively: "CUT BY ABNER GRILIKHES",




4The translations of the inscriptions, respectively: "A. A. G.", "GRILIKHES ­ SON",




5 The translations of the inscriptions, respectively: "L. S.", "L. STEINMANN", "CUT



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And the last one, from a famous numismatist:


When one looks at an auction catalog of a leading numismatic firm, it is easy to be


impressed with major rarities being offered. However, for many buyers, those rarities


are of a strictly academic interest; to most, these rarities are above their areas of interest


or budget. In the recent Sincona Auction 19 catalog, I noticed two categories of coins,


unusual coins, interesting as it seems to me, coins that were very affordable and that


appealed to a much wider group of collectors. It is needless to say that both of these


belong to areas of my old interests, areas that I have spent lot of time and energy on and


to which I have given a great deal of thought.


In the summer of 1999, in the Journal of the Russian Numismatic Society, I published


an article titled “Novodels or Die Trials? And What Happened to the 1760 Dies?” In that


article I proposed an idea that the original dies for the unaccepted 1760 coinage were


used in 1762 for the copper coinage of Peter III. The idea came to me after I noticed 4


kopeks and 2 kopeks coins with clear 2 over 0 overdates in my inventory. Further study


helped confirm my idea. Before publishing my article I expressed my thoughts to V.V.


Uzdenikov, V.A. Kalinin, and E.V. Lepekhina. All three agreed and The Hermitage even


had another 1762 coin with a 2 over 0 overdate: a 1 kopek that fit in perfectly with my




Looking through the Sincona Auction 19 offering I was delighted to see lots 250 and


251 – 4 kopeks from 1762 with 2 over 0 overdates – and lot 254 – a 1762 2 kopeks


with 2 over 0 overdate. These coins are much scarcer than straight dates, and are a very


interesting and important addition to any collection, not only as overdates but also as a


representative of 1760 coinage.


Another very interesting coin in the Sincona Auction is the Siberian 2 kopeks from 1764.


There are lots of opinions regarding the attribution of that coin. There are also lots of


opinions regarding Siberian coinage from 1764. Originally, my attention to the subject


was again peaked by a coin I had in stock: a Siberian denga from 1764. I had never


seen that coin before and needed to have it compared to a knowingly genuine piece. I


asked V.V. Uzdenikov if I could bring it to Russia for an Expert Opinion and he agreed.


During my visit there, not only did I show my coin to Uzdenikov, but I also took it to The


Hermitage to show it to V.A. Kalinin. The State Historical Museum (GIM) did not have


a single specimen of that coin, and therefore it was Uzdenikov suggested that I take it to


Kalinin to verify.


My coin showed some evidence of being in a fire and Uzdenikov told me that back when


the Kolyvan mint opened in 1764 and started production, a devastating fire occurred


and burned down whole Mint. Kalinin thought that my coin could have been one of


the survivors. Since then, many other opinions regarding the dates of operation of the


Kolyvan mint have been published claiming that it only started production in 1766.


None of them seem to be relying on direct documents, only on secondary sources. I


tend to believe the version of events told to me by Uzdenikov and Kalinin back in the


early ‘90’s.


Some believe that Sincona, lot 340, 2 kopeks of 1764, is a pattern, or as they call it, a


“ukaznaya” (coins that were attached to a document sent to the Empress by the Mint or


by the Empress to Various Governmental Departments) coin. Others call it “novodel,”


and some others even express doubt of its authenticity. All sides find evidence of the


other sides being wrong and point them out. I don’t intent in this article to defend either


side, but relying on the overall appearance of that coin and suspecting its origin, I believe


that the estimated price of 3000 CHF is a very reasonable gamble on that very interesting






Alexander Basok


Professional Numismatist, Coin Dealer






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Novodel. See the link to discussion I provided above. Its in Russian. In the first post I compared both "original" coins and novodel. Picture speaks for itself. Apart of Sincona "party" majority agreed they are novodels. Agree with Alexander though that it is a unique coin worthy of a collection if you like novodels.

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Very good arguments were made about the 1764 Siberian 2 Kopeck to support both hypotheses. I tend to place such coins in the 'Curiosity' category, picturing various scenarios over a glass of good wine. Although my gut feeling says it is a novodel, I 'd rather not know for sure...

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I love numisteries as much as that too. It was fun reading all materials published recently after I enjoyed forming my own opinion scrutinising coin images. No one expressed strongly formed extrapolated opinion in favour of these two coins (Markov and Sincona) being novodels. My only grievance is that Sincona's description is implying that coin is of orriginal origin, as I voiced.

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Novodel. See the link to discussion I provided above. Its in Russian. In the first post I compared both "original" coins and novodel. Picture speaks for itself. Apart of Sincona "party" majority agreed they are novodels. Agree with Alexander though that it is a unique coin worthy of a collection if you like novodels.


I mostly enjoyed the last paragraph of his article. :-)

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