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Portugal - Gaia porcelain tokens of 1921


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Hi!

 

As I spend my weekend classifying some portuguese tokens I've bought on the last times, I remembered to show some of them here, as they are almost unknown abroad.

Hope you like them. :ninja:

 

After the Great War (1914-18), the monetary and economic crisis led to the profusion of countless private issues, most on paper, but also coin-like, as these porcelain tokens issued by the Municipality of Vila Nova de Gaia (a town located on the southern bank of the Douro River in front of Oporto) in 1921, which were produced by the Empresa Electro-Cerâmica, situated in Candal, Vila Nova de Gaia.

Values issued were 1, 2, 4 and 10 centavos.

At least four distinct series are known to exist. Two similar series dated 1921, both with medal alignment, only distinguishable by the surface finish, been one matte and the other glazed.

The other two series are non-dated, produced in the same period, with larger diameter and coin alignment, both showing the manufacturer’s brand. In one case a green star, and on the other a EC monogram. From the latter one I do not have example.

Although referred by Mário Almeida in the introduction of the Catálogo Geral de Cédulas de Portugal (Low Value Emergency Paper Money of Portugal General Catalogue) they are not listed, as the propose of the work remain on paper money and not on coin-like issues.

Similar issues as are listed as part of lot 260, Numisma auction 67, Lisbon 22JUN2006.

CMG initials stand for Câmara Municipal de Gaia (Gaia Municipal Council).

 

 

Matte surface series

1921

porcelain ↑↑

Manufactured by Empresa Electro-Cerâmica, Candal - Vila Nova de Gaia

 

01750a_300.jpg01750r_300.jpg

1 centavo

Ø 18 mm 1,97g

 

01751a_300.jpg01751r_300.jpg

4 centavos

Ø 20 mm 1,76g

 

01749a_300.jpg01749r_300.jpg

10 centavos

Ø 22 mm 3,24g

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Glossy surface series

1921

porcelain ↑↑

Manufactured by Empresa Electro-Cerâmica, Candal - Vila Nova de Gaia

 

01753a_300.jpg01753r_300.jpg

4 centavos

Ø 20 mm 1,97g

 

01755a_300.jpg01755r_300.jpg

10 centavos

Ø 22 mm 2,78g

 

 

Manufacturer´s green star brand series

n/d (1921)

porcelain glossy surface ↑↓

Manufactured by Empresa Electro-Cerâmica, Candal - Vila Nova de Gaia

 

01752a_300.jpg01752r_300.jpg

4 centavos

Ø 24 mm 3,46g

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I really enjoy that era of Portuguese numismatics, and these porcelain pieces are something I was not aware of previously. I have seen the notgeld - emergency notes a lot, but never the porcelain tokens.

 

Thank you very much for sharing. Muito obrigado.

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