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Princeps Iuventutis (question)


Drusus
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I am looking over the paltry amount of information pertaining to the Emperor Volusianus and I see that he was, just before he became co-ruler, a holder of the title Princeps Iuventutis which I assume means "prince of youths" or "first among the young". This is almost always what an emperor bestows upon a young man to designate and heir. Am I right in assuming that anyone holding this designation would be under age?

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Nero, at age 14, when attaining the toga virilis in AD 51 also had the title Princeps Iuventutis bestowed on him. So I assume the Princeps Iuventutis was not given untill at least age 14,the accepted start of maturity at that time.

 

I would hazard a guess that Volusianus was 14 to 18 years old, but I could be wrong, as the titles & their usage changed over time.

 

Perhaps, till a new title was bestowed Princeps Iuventutis was still used, so he could have been a lot older. Like the Prince of Wales, he so remains a prince until such time as he becomes king, if ever.

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Thats what I was wondering about. Nero is quite a bit before. This is still well within the principate system but it is also during the 3rd century crisis. I know they got a little fast and loose with the rules there but I figure any grown man would not want to have Iuventutis in his title. :ninja: Thus I assumed Volusianus having just been Caesar and Princeps Iuventutis, was probably still a young man at the time. He appears bearded so, as you say, anywhere between 16 to 18. Maybe a bit younger but probably not much older. So he was probably born around 235.

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