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Ukraine Anceint Money


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Hi all,

 

I'm interested in Ukraine money and I was wondering when did Ukraine started (as Ukraine) I have heared that there are coins from 17th cent. and I'm sure that there are more way back.

 

I would be glad to know when did Ukraine started to mint coins (or hammer coins) and what was the names of the coins.

 

I only know Hryvnia and Kopeiika, also Kerbovantes - but I would be happy to know the coins way back to 17th or maybe 14th cent.

 

I would be glad if some one have pictures of the coins and also can tell me the names of the coins from when Ukraine started - Ukraine is Anceint so there must be coins that they used.

 

Thanks in advanced,

 

TQ

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olbiya2.jpg

delfin2.jpg

 

Some of the world's earliest coinage may have in fact had it's origins as amulets or offerings to a god. However they began to be issued, with eventuality they soon saw service as a medium of exchange. The curious aspect of the Delfin, or Dolphin money from the city state of Olbia in Southern Ukraine is of course the shape of the pieces, which were modelled on the Black Sea dolphins. Inasmuch as dolphins were rather prominent on later ancient coinages from Syracuse and Calabria, these pieces are unique for their shape. The earliest pieces seem to have had a bit more detail to the designs, as dorsal fins and eyes are featured. Later pieces were produced perhaps in a bit more of a mass production scenario, and lost some of the details. Later pieces also featured some alphabetic characters, most notably OY.

 

skythianarrows.jpg

 

Another form of currency were small spearpoints, these of course had a very utilitarian purpose for anybody during that time and as such they possibly were used as a form of money in trade. The number of them found in archaeological digs in Ukraine suggests that perhaps they were also used as a primitive form of money. The smaller of these two points is 18mm long, the larger of the two is 22mm long. They appear to have been cast in some form of a mold, then any spurs etc. were filed off during the manufacturing process. The longer of the two appears to have been filed for smooth edges, whilst the other one is a bit more aerodynamic.

 

olbiaaxe.jpg

 

Early in the millenium prior to the birth of Christ Greek settlers and traders settled in the region of the Crimean Peninsula in what is now southern Ukraine. In approximately 700 BCE the city of Kherson was settled. Within a couple of decades coinage began to be issued, in concert with many of the Greek city states which were in the nascent stages of coinage issues.

 

This hemidrachm from Khersonesos was issued from ca 480-350 BCE. The obverse of the coin has the forepart of a Lion facing to the rear. The reverses of these coins have a variety of emblematic devices or even Greek characters. I like this piece in particular because of my interest in Bee coins, curiously it is believed that settlers from Ephesos in Ionia may have settled in Khersonesos, which would tie in with the Bee so emblematic on the coinage of that particular city state. These coins have also been found with rather attractive looking Geckos on the reverses, in addition to birds and assorted other fauna.

 

chersonesoswheat.jpg

 

Beginning ca. 400 BC Olbia began minting coinage in the more traditional form familiar to the rest of the world, this being an AE20 with the horned head of the river god, Borysthenes. Olbia was situated on what is now the Dnipro(Ua) or Dnepr(Ru) river in Ukraine. The reverse of the coin has a battle axe and a bow in case, and the legend Olbio in Greek.

 

chersonesosbee.jpg

 

Another example, this one has an obverse that was carelessly struck off of centre of the die. The reverse is very deeply struck, with a dot and a sheaf of wheat. It is known that grains were cultivated even during that time, and that wheat etc was exported to the rest of the known Greek world.

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panbull1.jpg

 

The city state of Pantikapaion was quite possibly founded by Greeks from Miletos in Asia Minor, they possibly settled the Cimmerian Bosporus beginning in the 7th century BC. This city is located roughly near modern Kerch in Ukraine. Coinage with the satyr, Pan and the bull reverse with the legend PAN was issued beginning in the 3rd century BC.

panbull2.jpg

pantripod.jpg

This AE20 from ca. 300-180 BC portrays an image of Dionysus wreathed in ivy facing right, and a thyrus leaning against a ceremonial tripod on the reverse with the legend Pantika in Greek.

 

panstartripod.jpg

This coin was issued ca. 250 BC and has the then typical ceremonial tripod stand which was common on coinage from this region. Curiously the reverse has an eight pointed star with the legend Pantika interposed betwixt the points of the star. This coin is rather similar in appearance to contemporary Alexander Jannaeus Prutahs from the Judean Kingdom.

 

pancapsdisc.jpg

 

The twilight of the Pantikapaion city state saw it's coinage decline also, designs and themes previously well portrayed on the coinage were declining in approach to execution of the design. This coin, an AE18 represents one of the final issues from Pantikapaion. The obverse of the coin has Pan, the reverse has the Twin Caps of the Discouri, and a cornucopia in the centre.

 

And these are just the Greeks, the Romans and later Byzantines also had extensive coinages in what is now the territory of Ukraine, mostly in Krim(Crimea).

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You can search heare. I think you'll find some coins from medieval period.

 

http://www.zeno.ru/showgallery.php?cat=2690

 

From the Golden Horde period you can find heare the coins issued on the local mint.

 

http://www.hordecoins.folgat.net/e_horde.htm

 

Also there was some coins minted by the Genoese comunities from Caffa.

 

Search if that wasn't any coins issued on the Polish-Lithuanian period in local mint in Ukraine.

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Thank you all for helping out! :ninja:

 

I have found this:

http://www.museum.com.ua/en/o_musee/ab_mus.htm

 

You can visit there, they have almost everything ;)

 

here is the Russian Empire Coins:

http://www.museum.com.ua/expo/rus_empire_en.html

 

here are some Ukrainian:

Tokens - http://www.museum.com.ua/expo/ukrbon_en.html

Medieval coins of Kievan Rus - Ukraine - http://www.museum.com.ua/expo/kiev_en.html

ommemorative medals and jetons - http://www.museum.com.ua/expo/medal_en.html

None standard Ukraine coins - http://www.museum.com.ua/expo/nestandart_en.html

 

and more.....

 

Thanks for your help!

TQ

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