constanius Posted April 8, 2009 Report Share Posted April 8, 2009 EX DECRETO COMITIORVM FLANDRIAE 1790. Rev. JVGO AVSTRIACO EXCVSSO RELIGIONIS ET PATRIAE LIBERTATE VENDICATA SOLI DEO HONOR 1789, copper 33mm. Feuardent 14063. This token commemorates Flanders formal (January 4th 1790) Declaration of Independence, it is by Theodore Van Berckel, engraver at the Brussels Mint in silver & copper (De Coster # 903). The inscription on the reverse was used at the Inauguration Ceremony on a huge display. From Société royale de numismatique de Belgique 'Revue Belge de Numismatique' (1903) Vol 59 ( My Translation ) "In lieu of these tokens, distributed to the people at the Grand Ceremonial inauguration of The State of Flanders, the poor of the 17 parishes of the city were given bread to the value of 7 sols. This circumstance is important from the point of view of numismatics" A. de Witte. Obviously, if they had given tokens and not bread to the poor there would have been a lot more tokens struck, hence not so rare. Background; Austrian Netherlands 1789/90 Revolutionaries under Van der Noot raised a small force and invaded Brabant province defeating Austrian forces at the Battle of Turnhout in October of 1789. Thus began the Brabant Revolution in earnest. By November of 1789 Austrian troops had withdrawn to their strongholds in Luxemburg and Antwerp, fleeing the advancing revolutionary troops and general anarchy. Van der Noot declared Brabant independant and soon after the other provinces of the Austrian Netherlands followed suit including, on January 4, 1790, the provinces of Flanders (East & West). On the strength of their early successes, the now free states formally unified on January 11, 1790 forming the short lived Verenigde Nederlandse Staten (Dutch) / États-Belgiques-Unis (French) / The United States of Belgium (English). Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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