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Queen Anne & George Ist Political tokens/Jetons 1700's


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Circa 1710. Queen Anne. Rev. FVNDAMENTVM QVIETIS NOSTRAE. ECCLES. ANGL. Brass 26mm. by Lazarus G. Lauffer Nuremburg.

 

 

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Circa 1714. George 1st. Rev. FVNDAMENTVM QVIETIS NOSTRAE. ECCLES. ANGL. Brass 26mm.

 

FVNDAMENTVM QVIETIS NOSTRAE. ECCLES. ANGL means The Church of England is the basis (or foundation) of our Peace. These were early propaganda tokens/jetons stressing that the protestant church was the way to maintain peace in Great Britain. Both Queen Anne & King George faced threats from legitimate claimants to the throne. These were Catholic and supported by french funds and sometimes french troops and had tremendous support in Scotland and Ireland plus some support from catholic families even in England.

 

The Jacobite Risings were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in the British Isles occurring between 1688 and 1746. The uprisings were aimed at returning James VII of Scotland and II of England, and later his descendants of the House of Stuart, to the throne after he was deposed by Parliament during the Glorious Revolution. The series of conflicts takes its name from Jacobus, the Latin form of James.

The major Jacobite Risings were called the Jacobite Rebellions by the ruling governments. The "First Jacobite Rebellion" and "Second Jacobite Rebellion" were known respectively as "The Fifteen" and "The Forty-Five", after the years in which they occurred (1715 and 1745).

Although each Jacobite Rising has unique features, they all formed part of a larger series of military campaigns by Jacobites attempting to restore the Stuart kings to the thrones of Scotland and England (and after 1707, Great Britain) after James VII of Scotland and II of England was deposed in 1688 and the thrones claimed by his daughter Mary II jointly with her husband, the Dutch born William of Orange. The risings continued, and even intensified, after the House of Hanover succeeded to the British Throne in 1714. They continued until the last Jacobite Rebellion ("the Forty-Five"), led by Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), was soundly defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, ending any realistic hope of a Stuart restoration.

 

 

These tokens/jetons were a none too subtle reminder of the unity provided by the Church of England and the fear of a catholic monarch on the throne of England. See below!

 

Autumn Kelly was born into a Catholic family in Quebec, Canada in 1978. After graduating from McGill University in 2002, she became a management consultant. The following year she met Peter Phillips at the Canadian Grand Prix and they soon became a couple. Their engagement was announced in July 2007 and they married in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle on 17 May 2008.

Before her marriage, Autumn Kelly converted from the Roman Catholic Church to the Church of England. If she had remained Catholic after her marriage, her husband would have lost his place in the line of the succession to the Throne, due to the Act of Settlement 1701

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thanks -- I had seen these type jetons before without knowing what they referred to!

 

My Tudor-Stuart England history course in college stopped at 1688, of course ... and although I can still remember almost everything about Henry's wives and Mary Queen of Scots, I'm rather dim on what follows. :ninja:

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There also was a planned rebellion for 1709, for which Roettiers was engaged to produce patterns for coinage. However, the always dependable French failed to live up to their part of the bargain (as usual), which was to send a naval force with the soldiers to Great Britain. Subsequent rebellions, the '15, and the not so well known '19 also fizzled because of the French.

 

The Stuarts biggest bane was the French, from the time of Queen Mary and the failed alliances, the French always without fail ended up not fulfilling agreements with the Scots and or Stuarts.

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There also was a planned rebellion for 1709, for which Roettiers was engaged to produce patterns for coinage. However, the always dependable French failed to live up to their part of the bargain (as usual), which was to send a naval force with the soldiers to Great Britain. Subsequent rebellions, the '15, and the not so well known '19 also fizzled because of the French.

 

The Stuarts biggest bane was the French, from the time of Queen Mary and the failed alliances, the French always without fail ended up not fulfilling agreements with the Scots and or Stuarts.

 

 

A further attempt was made in 1719, this time with Spanish support. Spanish troops were landed in Scotland and Highland forces joined them, but they were routed by Government forces with superior artillery at the battle of Glenshiel.

 

After the Treaty of Utrecht, Philip V was accepted as King of Spain in exchange for several concessions. Great Britain received control over Spanish possessions, such as Menorca and Gibraltar. Philip's plans to restore Spanish power would lead to a violent clash with Britain. Philip and his Italian counsellor, Cardinal Giulio Alberoni, carried out a campaign in the western Mediterranean. In 1717, 8500 infantry men and 500 cavalry men sailed from Barcelona and occupied Sardinia without difficulty. The next year, 38,000 troops did the same with Sicily.

The British responded on 11 August; declaring a violation of Utrecht, the British navy intercepted and destroyed the fleet of José Antonio de Gaztañeta in the region of Cape Passaro, (near Syracuse). Spain then declared war, with Alberoni deciding to take the initiative and stir up trouble in Britain to forestall an attack on the Iberian Peninsula.

The Alberoni Plan

Giulio Alberoni decided to meddle in the throne disputes, supporting the Jacobite claims and its Highland allies both to de-stabilise the Crown and set up a more pliant king (and Parliament) in its place. The original plan had two phases: Ist George Keith, tenth Earl Marischal would infiltrate Scotland with 300 Spanish marines to raise the Western clans and take some positions. It was a feint intended to divert English forces.

2nd The main fleet, with 27 ships and 7000 men under James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde (the former Captain General of the British army, exiled in Spain), would disembark in South West England or Wales, where Jacobites were abundant. The resulting alliance would march east to besiege London, depose George I and enthrone James Stuart. After this there were various plots, attempts to try and get foreign powers involved - including Sweden, but most were hare-brained, and none came to anything until 45.

Again, the enemy to the British Monarchy, Spain, like the French was Catholic, which shows the purpose of the tokens/jetons was to promote the Church of England. They were also struck in Protestant Germany.

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A further attempt was made in 1719, this time with Spanish support. Spanish troops were landed in Scotland and Highland forces joined them, but they were routed by Government forces with superior artillery at the battle of Glenshiel.

 

The Alberoni Plan

Giulio Alberoni decided to meddle in the throne disputes, supporting the Jacobite claims and its Highland allies both to de-stabilise the Crown and set up a more pliant king (and Parliament) in its place. The original plan had two phases: Ist George Keith, tenth Earl Marischal would infiltrate Scotland with 300 Spanish marines to raise the Western clans and take some positions. It was a feint intended to divert English forces.

 

 

This was when the famous Eilean Donan castle was destroyed, it was occupied by the Spanish. It was only restored to it's present state in the 1930's and makes for a very picturesque image.

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