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About majestic12

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    The tooth is out there.
  • Birthday 05/10/1980

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    A galaxy far, far away...
  • Interests
    Collecting old coins, stamps, and gemstones.
  1. Yes, he also issued Gold Mohurs, including the famous 1000 Mohur gold piece weighing an astonishing 11,935.8 gm (almost 12 kg!). More examples of his coins can be found here.
  2. Emperor Jahangir, Color and gold on paper, 17th century (Info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jahangir) Description (from Catalogue of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore: Vol. II by R.B. Whitehead): "On the silver coins that issued from the Ahmadabad mint during the first nine months of Jahangir's reign, the emperor is called by his pre-ascention name Salim. The first five coins starting from the month Aban are dated '50', referring to the fiftieth year of Akbar's reign, while the other four are of regnal year 2. Salimi coppers are also known." This coin has the Malik-al-Mulk (Lord o
  3. Mass=11.3 g Description (from The Standard Guide to South Asian Coins and Paper Money Since 1556 and Mr. Lingen's comments on Zeno): "During the last decade of Akbar's reign, his son Salim [later Emperor Jahangir] grew increasingly restive in his desire to assume supreme power. He rebelled outright several times, and, as governor of Allahbad Province, refused to recognize Akbar's suzereignty. The silver coins of Allahabad of this period were issued anonymously without following the imperial style, but with a Persian poetic couplet [and sometimes the Ilahi month and date. Ilahi years 44 to
  4. Jahandar Shah (AH1124) (Jahandar="World-owner") Accession: 10 April 1712 Deposition: 3 Jan 1713 Obverse Abu'l Fateh Couplet: Dar Aafak Zad Sikka Chun Mihr Wa Mah Abu Al-Fateh Ghazi Jahandar Shah Stuck Coin in the horizons like sun and moon Father of Victory, Fighter against Infidels, Jahandar Shah Reverse Zarb Dar Al Khilafat Shahjahanabad Mubarak Sanah Ahd (Stuck at Seat of Caliphate Shahjahanabad [in the] Auspecious Year 1 [of his reign]) (Ref. KM#363.21)
  5. Also see this thread. Khusru had realised that it would not be possible for him to capture the throne without an army of his own. He asked Sultan Mubarak for permission to raise an army of 40,000 horsemen, consisting mostly of the Bharvars (Shepherd caste) of Gujarat, a tribe to which Khusru himself belonged. Unaware of his motives, the Sultan agreed. Next, Khusru requested that his relations and friends should be allowed to enter the palace if they had any urgent work with him. This request, too, was granted. Khusru now had his assasination plan ready. Sultan Mubarak was warned of Khusrus
  6. The denomination is "Paisa". ("AE" is for the metal it is made of, i.e., copper.) "Chand Rajas" does not denote a ruler, but a clan. You can read about them here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chand_Kings The specific ruler who issued this coin is not known (at least not from the coin). The Mughals ruled over most of Northern India and the local rulers accepted their authority. Thus, the native states issued coins in the name of the Mughal emperor. In case of later Mughal emperors, however, this "authority" was purely nominal as the empire had weakened considerably. "ND" is
  7. India, Gurkha Kingdom, Chand Rajas (until 1790 AD), AE Paisa in the name of Mughal emperor Shah Alam II (1759-1806 AD), Almora mint, ND. The KM# according to my ancient catalog is C#5. The second, i.e., right image is the obverse, showing footprints of Lord Vishnu. The mass should be around 5 grams and the diameter around 18 mm.
  8. Hi there! The calligraphy on this one looks pretty crude to me. I suspect this to a religious token in the style of a square Akbar Rupee. What is the weight?
  9. ‘Ala' al-Din Muhammad suffered from many troubles in his later years and success no longer attended him. His naturally violent temper became uncontrollable and he allowed his infatuation for Malik Kafur to influence all his actions. His health failed, dropsy developed, and he died in January 1316. According to some, the infamous Malik Kafur helped his disease to a fatal termination. Malik Kafur placed an infant son of ‘Ala' al-Din (Shihab al-Din ‘Umar) on the throne, reserving all power for himself. He imprisoned, blinded, or killed most other members of the royal family. His criminal rule
  10. Info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ala_ud_din_Khilji Billon 6 Gani, 704 or 714 AH (Ref. R991, Goron D232, Tye 418.1) Obverse Al-sultan Al-Azim 'Ala Al-Dunya Wa Al-Deen (The Sultan, the greatest one, excellence of the world and of the faith) Here is a crude illustration depicting my take on the legend. Reverse Abu Al-Muzaffar Muhammad Shah Al-Sultan (Father of the victorious*, Muhammad Shah, the Sultan) *This is the literal translation. The meaning is best expressed as "The Supreme Conqueror". Break-up of the inscription: Obverse First line: Alif+Lam=
  11. Immediately after the murder of Jalal-ud-din Firuz ‘Ala-ud-din was proclaimed Sultan. The division in Firuz's family helped ‘Ala-ud-din's cause. In total disregard of Arkali Khan, the eldest surviving son, the queen-mother Malikah-i-Jahan declared her second son, Qadr Khan, as Sultan with the title of Rukn-al-din Ibrahim. The supporters of Arkali Khan at Delhi refused to recognize Ibrahim. Ala-ud-din lost no time and marched on Delhi with "iron in one hand and gold in the other". At Bada'un, he met an army sent from Delhi but it was won over by lavish distribution of gold. As Ala-ud-din a
  12. Malik Firoz was a Turk of the Khilji tribe. His ancestors, having migrated from Turkistan, had lived in Garmsir in Afghanistan for over 200 years. Firoz's family migrated to Delhi and took up service under the Turkish sultans. Firoz rose to the important position of sar-i-jandar (head of the royal bodygard) and was subsequently appointed the governor of Samana. Later, Sultan Kaiqubad promoted him to the high office of army minister. At this time, he was among the most experienced and powerful Turkish noblemen in Delhi. The orthodox Turks regarded Firoz and his tribe as Afghans and were not too
  13. Obverse Allah(u) Akbar Jalla Jalalahu [God (is) greatest, eminent (is) his glory] (Note: I initially thought I saw the figure of an animal, just above the "Jim" of "Jalalahu", but later concluded that it was not intentional.) Reverse Zarb Ahmedabad (year 41, 42, 46, or 44), Ilahi Bahman (Zodiac sign Aquarius) Brekup of the inscription Obverse Alif+Lam+Lam+He=Allah Alif+Kaf+Be+Re=Akbar Jim+Lam=Jalla Jim+Lam+Alif+Lam+Ha (detached form)=Jalalahu Reverse Zad+Re+Be (detached form)=Zarb Alif+Ha+Mim+Dal+Alif+Be+Dal=Ahmedabad Alif+Lam+He+Ye=Ilahi Be+He+Mim+Nun=Bahma
  14. Info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akbar Obverse Kalima-e-Tayyab: La illaha illallah Mohammad Rasool Allah, "(There is) No god except Allah (and) Muhammad (is the) Prophet (of) Allah" Here is a crude illustration depicting my take on the legend: Reverse Jalal-al din Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi, 982 (Glory of the faith, Emperor Muhammad Akbar, warrior against the infidels) The mint (which appears at the bottom of the reverse) is off the flan but, based on the style of the coin, I think it could be Agra.
  15. Shanshabãnî or Ghorid Dynasty (1149-1206) By the beginning of the 12th century the Shanshabãnî had extended their authority over the other Ghorid chiefs and their power rivaled that of the Ghaznavids on their southern border and the Seljuks on their northern border. Honoring this strength, Malik al-Jibal (meaning "King of the Mountain") laid out the foundations of a great capital city called Firozkoh, which some believe to have been at Jam where a magnificent minaret now stands. Malik Qutubuddin was unable, however, to finish his city for he had a falling out with his brothers (he had se
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